Monday, May 18, 2009

Quarantinable Diseases

To isolate well-appearing persons coming from and area that is endemic with one of the quarantinable diseases or who got in contact with a case ifected with a quarantinable disease for as long as the incubatory period of this disease to ensure the protection of other people.

What are the quarantinable dieseases?

  • Cholera
  • Yellow fever.
  • Plague.
  • SARS, avian and swine flue.
  • Anthrax.
Measures done for these diseases:
Travellers to and from endemic areas should receive vaccines and have valid vaccine certificates.
Some countries should monitor travellers in special occasions (such as pilgrims in Saudi Arabia).

Also cargo ships and airplanes coming from some countries in Latin America, Asia and Africa have to be deratted with gases and given deratting certificate which is valid for a specified period.

Anti mosqueto measures and anti rats in air crafts and sea ports have to be taken as well as monitoring imported monkeys from some countries (for the fear of yellow fever)

International vaccine certificates for cholera and plague are valid for 6 months while that of yellow fever for 10 years.